هل السجائر الإلكترونية آمنة؟

هل السجائر الإلكترونية آمنة؟
 

كاتب هذه المقالة هو هارولد وييمر، رئيس والمدير التنفيذي للجمعية الأمريكية للرئة، وهي مجموعة آراء تخصه ولا تعبر على أي نحو عن موقف شبكة CNN.

لمنتجي السجائر الإلكترونية، نحن اليوم نعيش في الغرب المتوحش - وهي جبهة متوحشة يمكن لهم فيها قول وفعل ما يشاؤون، فالعواقب لا تهم.. فهم أحرار في إدعاء مزاعم غير مدعومة بالأدلة والقرائن العلاجية وتضمين مواد كيمائية لا تحصى ومواد وإضافات في تركيبة السجائر الإلكترونية.
فشركات صناعة التبغ الكبيرة في حاجة ماسة إلى مدمنين جدد للنيكتون وعادة إلى حيلها القديمة لضمان ذلك، فالسجائر الإلكترونية يجري تسويقها بكثافة للأطفال باستخدام نكهات مختلفة من العلكة إلى الحلويات، فشخصية "جو كاميل" - وهي شخصية كارتونية لجمل استخدم كتعويذة للدعاية لسجائر من انتاج شركة كاميل للتبغ - قد قتل في فترة التسعينيات، لكن ها هي الشخصيات الكارتونية تعود للترويج للسجائر الإلكترونية.
العديد من أنواع السجائر الإلكترونية تشابه السجائر التقليدية من إنتاج "مارلبورو" و"كاميل"، يروج لها النجوم والمشاهير، بل وتوزع نماذج مجانا منها في أركان الشوارع.
ويحذر تقرير صادر عن "مراكز السيطرة على الأمراض والوقاية" من نجاح مثير للقلق في الوصول لفئات الأطفال عبر هذه الدعايات الترويجية، وفي عام واحد فقط، تضاعف استخدام السجائر الإلكترونية بين طلاب المدارس الثانوية والمتوسطة، وقام بتجربتها واحد بين كل 10 طلاب ، بالأرقام هذا يعني بأن 1.78 مليون طالب متوسط وبالثانوية العليا.
أكبر ثلاثة شركات تبغ جميعها تبيع السجائر الإلكترونية، ونظرا لأن استخدام التبغ يقتل أكثر من 400 ألف سنويا، الآلاف يقلعون، وبنجاح، عن التدخين، ولهذا فأن القطاع بحاجة سريعة لجذب ودفع الآلاف من الأطفال للإدمان يوميا، بجانب الحفاظ على شريحة البالغين المدمنين لضمان الحفاظ على ارباحهم الهائلة.
ورغم أن السجائر الإلكترونية لم تجاز رسميا من قبل دائرة الدواء والغذاء الحكومية كمنتج آمن وفعال في مساعدة المدخنين على الإقلاع عن التدخين، لكن العديد من شركات التبغ تزعم بانه يساعد في ذلك، ووفق إحدى الدراسات فهناك 250 نوعا مختلفا من السجائر الإلكترونية تباع في أمريكا اليوم، من المرجح ان العديد منها يحوي أنواع كثيرة من المواد الكيماوية.
النيكوتين مادة يمكن إدمانها بقوة، سواء كان الموصل عبر سيجارة تقليدية أو نظيرتها الإلكترونية الحديثة، لكن الضرر المحتمل من التعرض التدخين السلبي من السجائر الإلكترونية مازال غير معروفا، فقد وجدت دراستان مبدئيتان موادا كـ"البنزين، والنيتروسامينس، وفورمالديهادي، بالتدخين السلبي لهذا النوع، ونشيد بقرار مدينة نيويورك حظر استخدام السجائر الإلكترونية داخل المباني.
ووجدت اختبارات معملية عام 2009 آثار مواد مسرطنة في اثنين من أبرز ماركات السجائر الإلكترونية.
ليس هناك أي شكل آمن من التبغ، وما من وسيلة يستثنى بها للعاملين في مجال الصحة العامة والطب أو المستهلكين معرفة المواد الكيماوية الداخلة في صناعة السجائر الإلكترونية، أو وما هي الآثار الصحية المترتبة عن استخدامها على المدي القصير والبعيد.
ويعكف البيت الأبيض على مراجعة مقترح بتنظيم استخدام السجائر الإلكترونية ومنتجات التبغ الأخرى منذ اكتوبر/تشرين الأول الفائت، وعلى إدارة الرئيس باراك أوباما، التحرك قدما بهذه القوانين لحماية صحة الجميع تحديدا الأطفال، ففي غياب مثل هذه القوانين، تطلق شركات التبغ عنانها في تصوير منتجاتها بأنها "آمنة" دون دليل."

المصدر: CNN
تاريخ النشر :- Jan 07 2014

تعليقات القراء




Luke:

A few months http://www.irondalecafe.com/history/ cheap actos Bill Fay, the Toyota Division chief, said September was still a good month for the industry even though there were two fewer selling days than a year ago. "Industry fundamentals are strong as interest rates stay low and consumers remain confident," he said.

2015 ,25 Nov

Emma:

Stolen credit card http://www.pharafina.com/innovation albenza albendazole 400mg “Super Bowl tickets are extraordinarily costly,” Krueger said. “Don’t put an already expensive trip at risk by making a reservation for a private residence in an apartment building, sight unseen.”

2015 ,25 Nov

Howard:

Special Delivery http://www.pharafina.com/innovation albendazole purchase Widdicombe occupies a safe, crowd-pleasing middle-ground in which he avoids almost any sort of edginess, but also gives away remarkably little about himself. You emerge knowing what irks him, but having very little idea of what does float his boat, apart from those noodles. He’s superficially cuddly, but also faintly remote.

2015 ,25 Nov

Leigh:

Another service? http://www.irondalecafe.com/history/ purchase pioglitazone Except that for Sunday night’s finale to a show that kept getting more attention and acclaim as it got darker and darker, creator Vince Gilligan added an amendment that markedly softened the premise.

2015 ,25 Nov

Geoffrey:

I can't get through at the moment http://www.acrissul.com.br/noticias purchase flovent online In an open letter to Putin, the local parents' group in central Ural region was reported by media as saying: "The singer intends to come out in support of local sodomites and break the current Russian law, directed at protecting children."

2015 ,25 Nov

Harrison:

Where are you from? http://www.irondalecafe.com/history/ actos 5 mg It's a time to get to know donors, to get the public to know you on TV and social media, to visit big primary states, network with the activists and ideologues, produce a vanity book, polish a record, deflect personal baggage, take a stand, develop a world view and scout for advisers and political organizations that can power up a campaign team.

2015 ,24 Nov

Jeromy:

Looking for work http://www.acrissul.com.br/noticias flovent price Sabathia insisted he’s “fine,” and Girardi added that his ace “has had no complaints physically about how he feels and he’s gone out every fifth day on his turn and hasn’t complained of any ailments.

2015 ,24 Nov

Robby:

Recorded Delivery http://www.irondalecafe.com/history/ buy generic actos The standoff between Republicans and the White House overfunding the government forced the temporary lay-off of hundredsof thousands of federal workers from Oct. 1 and created concernthat crisis-driven politics was the "new normal" in Washington.

2015 ,24 Nov

Denver:

Where did you go to university? http://www.irondalecafe.com/history/ buy cheap actos Opposition parties in Spain and Gibraltar's Chief Minister Fabian Picardo have accused Spain's ruling centre-right government of using the conflict to distract voters from the weak economy and a corruption scandal involving senior politicians.

2015 ,24 Nov

Hollis:

We went to university together http://www.irondalecafe.com/history/ actos 45 mg price Brazilian law stipulates that, if found guilty of the accusations, Google could be required to pay fines equivalent to between 0.1% and 20% of its local gross revenues in the year prior to the filing of the complaint.

2015 ,24 Nov

Katelyn:

Remove card http://www.irondalecafe.com/history/ actos 45 mg tablet “You spend years developing this craft,” says Esposito, who turned 55 this year. “When I’m not working, I’m an observer of life. When you are fortunate enough to get the opportunity, you want to get it right.”

2015 ,24 Nov

Isabelle:

Will I have to work shifts? http://www.irondalecafe.com/history/ purchase actos online In both disasters, the railroads involved were headed byEdward A. Burkhardt, a veteran industry entrepreneur creditedwith helping to lead a renaissance in U.S. regional and localfreight railroads in the 1980s and 1990s.

2015 ,24 Nov

Benito:

Could you tell me my balance, please? http://www.irondalecafe.com/history/ actos 5 mg "The mission lacks critical enablers - such as helicopters - to facilitate rapid deployment and access to remote areas to ensure the protection of civilians. Troop generation will have to accelerate."

2015 ,24 Nov

Claude:

magic story very thanks http://www.optimum.ie/momentum/prism-international-sales-and-marketing-lmx14/ albendazole tablets usp 400 mg His brother, Nabih, said the 49-year-old was parking outside his house early Saturday after dawn prayers, when three vehicles encircled his vehicle. The gunmen smashed his car's window and seized his gun before grabbing him and fleeing. The brother said Al Liby's wife saw the kidnapping from her window and described the abductors as foreign-looking armed "commandos."

2015 ,24 Nov

Coleman:

I've only just arrived http://www.acrissul.com.br/noticias buy flovent However, there have also been signs of economic recoverywith foreign reserves boosted to about $10.7 billion with aninfusion of Gulf money, and with investors showing risingconfidence in Jordan's economy, officials have said.

2015 ,24 Nov

Denis:

Looking for a job http://www.optimum.ie/momentum/prism-international-sales-and-marketing-lmx14/ albendazole price list North Yorkshire County Council is working in partnership with British Cycling and Sky to get people across the county to dust off their bikes and get cycling. The partnership marks a huge year for cycling in Yorkshire, with less than a year to go until the start of the Tour de France 2014 – there’s never been a better time to get on your bike.

2015 ,24 Nov

Keven:

A pension scheme http://www.pharafina.com/innovation how much does albendazole cost There has been a "statistically significant" decrease in the net migration of citizens from outside the European Union (EU) to 157,000 in the year ending December 2012 from 204,000 the previous year, the ONS said.

2015 ,24 Nov

Tyron:

Some First Class stamps http://www.optimum.ie/momentum/prism-international-sales-and-marketing-lmx14/ purchase albenza Doesn’t mean it lasts. Or that he does. But come on: Just off what you’ve seen from him and his team so far — and from the other team in town — how do you like the big guy so far this season?

2015 ,24 Nov

Rocco:

Which team do you support? http://www.pharafina.com/innovation purchase albenza After that, there’s Marlins outfielder Justin Ruggiano, a .313 hitter a year ago, who’s hitting just .226 this year; the Astros’ swing-and-miss first baseman/DH Chris Carter, who’s got 17 homers and 46 RBI but also a league-leading 120 strikeouts; and, of course, old friend Alfonso Soriano, whose remaining $18 million on his contract for next year would have to be mostly picked up by the Cubs in order for him to be an option for the Yankees. The same can be said for the White Sox’s Alex Rios, who’s owed $13.5 million next year.

2015 ,24 Nov

Arianna:

Could you give me some smaller notes? http://www.irondalecafe.com/history/ is there a generic for actos No. 14 Missouri is one of the season's biggest surprises. But the Tigers are without starting quarterback James Franklin and will be challenged this week by No. 22 Florida in Columbia. How freshman Matty Mauk fills in for Franklin will determine if Missouri can stay atop the SEC East.

2015 ,24 Nov

Blair:

Can I call you back? http://www.acrissul.com.br/noticias order flovent The possible compromise deal is still in its embryonic stages. The White House gave only a cautious welcome to the Republican proposal, saying it was open to the short-term offer but that it would be "far better" for the debt ceiling to be raised on a long-term basis to avoid another political crisis in November.

2015 ,23 Nov

Eldridge:

I'd like to speak to someone about a mortgage http://www.optimum.ie/momentum/prism-international-sales-and-marketing-lmx14/ albendazole api price A £7million financial recovery plan has been launched by bosses at Worcestershire Acute Hospitals NHS Trust including clamping down on spending on agency staff and not filling non-clinical posts unrelated to frontline services.

2015 ,23 Nov

Cleveland:

Remove card http://www.optimum.ie/momentum/prism-international-sales-and-marketing-lmx14/ buy albenza “This has not come at the expense of gross margins but cost investment has been material as management builds the capability of the online business as it takes an increasing percentage of sales.

2015 ,23 Nov

Daryl:

Jonny was here http://www.optimum.ie/momentum/prism-international-sales-and-marketing-lmx14/ albendazole online pharmacy At one-tenth of that price, a falconry companion set features a gold-plated perch, exotic skin falcon hoods, along with outdoor furniture, lead crystal decanters and cigars. The set, no bird included, sells for $150,000.

2015 ,23 Nov

Wesley:

Could you tell me the number for ? http://www.optimum.ie/momentum/prism-international-sales-and-marketing-lmx14/ buy albendazole (albenza) SIR – You report that HS2 was in part a political manoeuvre to buy northern Labour votes (report, August 18). If this is the case, a fraction of this money would buy more votes by addressing the horrendous traffic problems at Stonehenge on the single-carriage section of the A303.

2015 ,23 Nov

Conrad:

What sort of work do you do? http://www.optimum.ie/momentum/prism-international-sales-and-marketing-lmx14/ albendazole no prescription An appealing and distinctive feature of U.S. higher education is student affairs. While universities abroad might offer housing and some administrative support, many, if not most, U.S. colleges and universities offer a broad range of academic and social support services to promote college success.

2015 ,23 Nov

Brant:

I'm on a course at the moment http://www.irondalecafe.com/history/ actos 30 mg Chairman of the Colorado Public Utilities Commission from2007 to 2011 and currently a regulatory consultant, Binz wasnominated by President Barack Obama in July to lead the FederalEnergy Regulatory Commission.

2015 ,23 Nov

Liam:

Not available at the moment http://updatecontent.com/service/ generic stendra “It’s an outdoor space with the comforts of the inside,” Bessonart says. “I imagine people in here wearing their sunglasses during brunch.” The skylight was originally constructed in the 1890s, when the space served as the Hotel Endicott. Now a landmarked building, the team was limited in the changes it could make to the space’s historic wrought-iron columns and a tile fireplace.

2015 ,21 Nov

Steep777:

I love the theatre http://updatecontent.com/service/ avanafil 50 mg Retail sales in Europe's largest economy Germany, nowwaiting for a new government to be formed after an electionvictory by Chancellor Angela Merkel's party last month, rose inAugust for the first time in three months.

2015 ,21 Nov

Amelia:

Where did you go to university? http://carissaphelps.com/training/ cheap avanafil "I love comedy. I love Bill Murray. I hope I could meet Bill Murray one day," he said. "The fact that there is a movie out there that's become a cult classic based on my family is really funny."

2015 ,21 Nov

Jaime:

I'm training to be an engineer http://carissaphelps.com/training/ avanafil cost "We are calling for their immediate and unconditional release of this team which was delivering humanitarian assistance to those most in need - and we do that on both sides of the frontlines," he said.

2015 ,21 Nov

Jarred:

I'm not working at the moment http://updatecontent.com/service/ generic stendra Thommo, remind me what your batting average was? I suspect it was far below those you're giving stick to. Easy to have a go at people from the safety of the commentary box but try facing up to world class bowlers and then see how good you are!!

2015 ,21 Nov

Wilford:

What's your number? http://carissaphelps.com/training/ avanafil online However, the new rule is not final yet and will likely face legal challenges from the coal industry and its allies. Regulations under the Clean Air Act have to be achievable based on proven technology, a requirement CCS arguably cannot meet.

2015 ,20 Nov

Laurence:

Not available at the moment http://carissaphelps.com/training/ order stendra The reason why the glass has the ability to block out both heat, in the form of infrared radiation, and visible light is because the indium tin oxide nanocrystals and the niobium oxide glass both respond differently when an electric current is applied across them.

2015 ,20 Nov

Sherman:

I've come to collect a parcel http://www.experimentalconversations.com/issue/spring-2013/ trazodone online Bernanke dismissed the idea he was leaving adrift the nextgeneration of policymakers on the Fed's Federal Open MarketCommittee. "I don't think that we are complicating anything forfuture FOMCs," he told reporters on Wednesday.

2015 ,20 Nov

Newton:

The line's engaged http://www.muruniiduk.ee/products Tricor Signs If it’s good enough for Sir Ranulph Fiennes’ marathon training, then it’s good enough for us. Dartmoor’s striking landscape offers an entirely different running experience. The challenge is all about navigation, so getting good with a map is key to enjoying the rugged beauty of this wild national park.

2015 ,20 Nov

Mariano:

Best Site good looking http://www.experimentalconversations.com/issue/spring-2013/ trazodone mg “We had some great minutes in the D-zone, but sometimes we left men wide open and they had some chances right in front of the net,” said Rangers defenseman Dan Girardi, who was whistled for a questionable roughing penalty before Phoenix’s third goal. “We’ve got to just take everything we did well, iron out the mistakes, and we’ve got to fix those right away. We’ve got a tough road trip to start here, so we have to fix it and make sure we get some wins here.”

2015 ,20 Nov

Jasper:

We've got a joint account http://www.muruniiduk.ee/products Trilipix Tricor Some parents are mellow, and others have instilled emotional problems in their children. This less-than-illuminating work resembles the spelling-bee doc “Spellbound,” only with a promise of high-end endorsements and far more pampering.

2015 ,20 Nov

Kendrick:

Could you ask her to call me? http://carissaphelps.com/training/ generic stendra It is with a special type of fondness that ballplayers remember being an All-Star, especially for the first time. It doesn’t rank with winning a championship, yet it can be a more intimidating experience, especially for a young player walking into a clubhouse full of established stars he knows only as opponents.

2015 ,20 Nov

Truman:

What university do you go to? http://carissaphelps.com/training/ order stendra Penney has been struggling after a failed attempt in 2012 toremake itself into a trendier store led to a 25 percent drop insales. Penney has brought back the heavy discounting that wasits hallmark to win back customers it lost, but sales againdeclined in the quarter that ended in August.

2015 ,20 Nov

Garth:

I don't like pubs http://www.experimentalconversations.com/issue/spring-2013/ trazodone over the counter 10 News spoke with Dr. George Northrup, of Tampa, about it. He's been a general and forensic psychiatrist for the past decade and says, "The fact that there's no history of violence -- that's really the leading question. It's when there's either behavioral changes or they're on the phone and they're saying things that don't make sense -- that's when you have to do something."

2015 ,20 Nov

Theodore:

On another call http://carissaphelps.com/training/ where to buy avanafil/extendra Vertex believes nearly all U.S. and European patients noweligible for Kalydeco have begun taking the medicine. As aresult, "We do not see meaningful growth for Kalydeco in 2013,"Chief Commercial Officer Stuart Arbuckle told analysts on aconference call.

2015 ,20 Nov

Dallas:

We'll need to take up references http://www.all-tech-mechanical.com/cooling-services/ when does a doctor prescribe clomid Of course, as with the rest of the Lumia range, the Nokia Lumia 520 really comes into its own when you consider its pre-loaded software. Nokia Music provides a comprehensive music store as well as free personalised radio stations, while HERE Drive is a fully fledged sat-nav replacement.

2015 ,20 Nov

Claire:

I'd like to apply for this job http://www.cherihelms.com/online-portfolio/ dapoxetine in australia "I was that person who bought every single generation of iPod," Wood says. "There was always something [the new one] offered that the other one didn't do, and as slight as it might seem, it was pretty cool: Oh, this one has a camera; this one is a little smaller; this one has a color screen."

2015 ,20 Nov

Cooler111:

I support Manchester United http://www.cherihelms.com/online-portfolio/ dapoxetine hci Later on Tuesday, Merkel's conservatives -- her Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the Bavarian Christian Social Union (CSU) -- will follow up the SPD meeting with a second round of preliminary talks with the Greens.

2015 ,20 Nov

Antony:

I'm originally from Dublin but now live in Edinburgh http://clickandcreate.us/about/ vermox canada O2’s Ann Pickering recalls the late Dame Hilary Cropper, chairman and chief executive of computer services group Xansa (now part of French firm Steria), who coached her informally for 12 years while she was at the company. “Hilary taught me the importance of self-confidence, especially as a woman in a man’s world. I became more commercially focused,” she says.

2015 ,20 Nov

Edgar:

I have my own business http://www.thepennyloafers.com/portfolio/amanda-triglia/ purchase sildenafil citrate "China's physical demand is slowing down as gold prices rosefrom earlier lows and because there was so much buying betweenApril and August that people already stocked up for the upcominggifting season," O'Connell said.

2015 ,20 Nov

Gregg:

I'd like to withdraw $100, please http://denali2013.org/teachers-section/ domperidone motilium Named after former NASA astronaut and Orbital executive, the Cygnus Spaceship G. David Low consists of a common Service Module and a Pressurized Cargo Module. After delivery of supplies to the ISS, Cygnus will be packed with disposal cargo and destructively deorbit.

2015 ,20 Nov

Haley:

Have you got any ? http://www.6folds.com/portfolio/ abilify 10 mg tablet medicijnen The Chancellor rejected a gloomy warning from Business Secretary Vince Cable that “amber lights” were flashing that the growing economic recovery could collapse as it was too reliant on a house price boom in London and the South-East and a banking pick-up.

2015 ,20 Nov

Ralph:

We work together http://denali2013.org/teachers-section/ generic domperidone Senator John Barrasso, a Republican from Wyoming, saidcomments by Binz in March that the use of natural gas could"dead end" by 2035 because of the need to reduce carbonemissions "were troubling and far outside the mainstream."

2015 ,20 Nov